Vascular Dementia is second most common type of Dementia after Alzheimer’s. Brain has one of the richest networks, sudden changes in thinking causes problems in supply of oxygen and nutrients to brain, causes series of minor attacks. Vascular Dementia can’t be tracked until it has series of attacks. Death of brain cells causes problems in memory, thinking and reasoning. There are various types of Vascular Dementia such as Stroke-related Dementia, Post-stroke Dementia, Single-infarct and Multi-infarct Dementia, Sub cortical Dementia. High blood pressure, High blood cholesterol level, Diabetes are some risk factors which majorly contribute to the severity of Vascular Dementia. Vascular Dementia is common type of Dementia after Alzheimer’s disease contributing to nearly 20% cases making it significant in discussions of Dementia conference.